Assimilate

Assimilate (lateinisch: assimilare - ähnlich machen, angleichen) ist ein Sammelbegriff für Stoffe, die in Pflanzen durch Assimilation gebildet werden. Meist sind in erster Linie die im Zuge der Photosynthese gebildeten Kohlenhydrate (vorwiegend Saccharose) gemeint. Zu den Assimilaten gehören jedoch auch die im Zuge der Stickstoff-Assimilation gebildeten organischen Stickstoffverbindungen sowie die im Zuge der Schwefel-Assimilation gebildeten organischen Schwefelverbindungen.

Der Ferntransport der Assimilate erfolgt meist im Phloem (bei Bäumen Bast genannt), seltener im Xylem.

Literatur

  • Gerhard Wagenitz: Wörterbuch der Botanik. 2. Auflage, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin 2003, S. 27. ISBN 3-8274-1398-2

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  • Assimilate — As*sim i*late, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Assimilated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Assimilating}.] [L. assimilatus, p. p. of assimilare; ad + similare to make like, similis like. See {Similar}, {Assemble}, {Assimilate}.] 1. To bring to a likeness or to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Assimilate — As*sim i*late, v. i. 1. To become similar or like something else. [R.] [1913 Webster] 2. To change and appropriate nourishment so as to make it a part of the substance of the assimilating body. [1913 Webster] Aliment easily assimilated or turned… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • assimilate — [v1] absorb mentally comprehend, digest, grasp, incorporate, ingest, learn, osmose, sense, soak up, take in, take up, understand; concept 15 Ant. misunderstand, reject, unlearn assimilate [v2] become adjusted; adjust acclimatize, accommodate,… …   New thesaurus

  • assimilate — index adopt, comprehend (understand), conceive (comprehend), conform, construe (comprehend) …   Law dictionary

  • assimilate — (v.) early 15c., from L. assimilatus feigned, pretended, fictitious, pp. of assimilare to make like, from ad to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + simulare make similar, from similis like, resembling (see SIMILAR (Cf. similar)). Originally …   Etymology dictionary

  • assimilate — 1 *identify, incorporate, embody Analogous words: *change, alter, modify, vary: *transform, metamorphose, transmute: blend, fuse, merge, commingle, *mix 2 *absorb, imbibe …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • assimilate — ► VERB 1) take in and understand (information or ideas). 2) absorb and integrate into a people or culture. 3) absorb and digest (food or nutrients). 4) regard as or make similar. DERIVATIVES assimilable adjective assimilation noun assimi …   English terms dictionary

  • assimilate — [ə sim′ə lāt΄] vt. assimilated, assimilating [ME assimilaten < L assimilatus, pp. of assimilare < ad , to + similare, make similar < similis, like: see SAME] 1. to change (food) into a form that can be taken up by, and made part of, the… …   English World dictionary

  • assimilate — v. 1) (D; intr., tr.) to assimilate into, to (the newcomers tried to assimilate into the community; America has assimilated millions of immigrants into its way of life) 2) (D; intr.) to assimilate with (they did not assimilate with the local… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • assimilate — [[t]əsɪ̱mɪleɪt[/t]] assimilates, assimilating, assimilated 1) V ERG When people such as immigrants assimilate into a community or when that community assimilates them, they become an accepted part of it. There is every sign that new Asian… …   English dictionary

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