Bartholomew of England

Bartholomaeus Anglicus (auch: Bartholomaeus de Glanvilla, Bartholomew of England, Bartholomew the Englishman; * um 1190; † nach 1250) war ein franziskanischer Scholastiker und Autor von De proprietatibus rerum, einem Vorläufer der Enzyklopädie und einem der ersten Nachschlagewerke des Mittelalters, das auch die Pflanzenwelt berücksichtigt.



Über Bartholomaeus' Leben ist nicht viel bekannt. 1230 war er wohl als "baccalaureus biblicus" in Paris in der Lehre tätig, ein Jahr später ging er als Lektor nach Magdeburg.



  • Heinz Meyer: Die Enzyklopädie des Bartholomäus Anglicus. Untersuchungen zur Überlieferungs- und Rezeptionsgeschichte von 'De proprietatibus rerum (Münstersche Mittelalter-Schriften 77), Habilitationsschrift 1997
  • Heinz Meyer: Bartholomäus Anglicus, De proprietatibus rerum. Selbstverständnis und Rezeption, in: Zeitschrift für deutsches Altertum und deutsche Literatur 117, 1988, S. 237-274
  • Heinz Meyer: Zum Verhältnis von Enzyklopädik und Allegorese im Mittelalter, in: Frühmittelalterliche Studien 24, 1990, S. 290-313
  • Heinz Meyer: Die Zielsetzung des Bartholomäus Anglicus im "De proprietatibus rerum", in: K. Vollmann (Hrsg.): Geistliche Aspekte mittelalterlicher Naturlehre (Wissensliteratur im Mittelalter 16) Wiesbaden 1993, S. 86-98, 151-159
  • John De Trevisa: On the Properties of Things: John Trevisa's Translation of Bartholomaeus Anglicus, de Proprietatibus Rerum: A Critical Text. Oxford University Press, 1988, ISBN 0198185308
  • Lynn Thorndike: A History of Magic and Experimental Science: During the First Thirteen Centuries of Our Era, Volume II, Columbia University Press, 1923, New York and London, ISBN 0231087950
  • G. E. Se Boyar: "Bartholomaeus Anglicus and his Encyclopedia". In: Journal of English and Germanic Philology 19. 1920. Urbana, Illinois. S. 168?189


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