Bonai
Kartenausschnitt aus dem Imperial Gazetteer of India

Bonai war ein Fürstenstaat Britisch-Indiens im heutigen Bundesstaat Orissa. Seine Hauptstadt war der Ort Bonaigarh.

Die Rajas – Rathore-Rajputen – waren verwandt mit denen von Seraikella, Kharsawan und Rairakhol. Bis zur Zeit der Marathenkriege stand Bonai unter der Hoheit von Sambalpur, 1803 wurde es an die Briten abgetreten, 1818 an die Marathen zurückgegeben und kam 1826 endgültig unter britische Oberhoheit. 1827–1947 war Bonai ein eigenständiges britisches Protektorat. Es unterstand bis 1905 der Provinz Bengalen, dann Orissa und hatte 1892 eine Fläche von 8907 km² und 24.000 Einwohner.

Der letzte Raja schloss sich im August 1947 der Eastern States Union an. Am 1. Januar 1948 wurde diese Union aufgelöst und Bonai wurde Orissa und damit Indien eingegliedert. Am 1. November 1956 wurden alle Fürstenstaaten aufgelöst.

Literatur

  • Imperial Gazetteer of India, 2. A., 26 Bde., Oxford 1908-1931
  • Malleson, G. B.: An historical sketch of the native states of India, London 1875, Reprint Delhi 1984
  • Schwartzberg, Joseph E., Hrsg.: A historical atlas of South Asia, 2. A., New York/Oxford 1992, ISBN 0-19-506869-6

Weblinks


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