Aaron ben Elijah

Aaron ben Elia (* um 1300 in Kairo; † 1369 in Konstantinopel) war der bedeutendste Religionsphilosoph der Karäer (türkische jüdische Religionsgemeinschaft).

Aaron ben Elia ließ sich 1330 in Nikomedia (Kleinasien) nieder.

Aaron ben Elia hielt die Lehre des Kalam (islamische Theologie) wegen ihrer Übereinstimmung mit der Bibel im Kern für jüdischen Ursprungs und stand ihr freundlicher gegenüber als dem aristotelischen System, das auf heidnischem Boden entstanden und von daher mit dem Judentum nicht vereinbar sei. Er kritisierte und polemisierte vor allem gegen Moses Maimonides.

Werke

  • Ez chajim („Baum des Lebens“)
  • Keter tora („Krone der Thora“; Pentateuchkommentar)
  • Gan eden („Paradies“; Ritualkodex der Karäer)

Weblinks



Wikimedia Foundation.

Schlagen Sie auch in anderen Wörterbüchern nach:

  • Aaron ben Elijah — (Aharon son of Eliyahu), the Latter, of Nicomedia (אהרון בן אליהו האחרון; born 1328 or 1329 in Nicomedia [http://search.eb.com/eb/article 9003210 Aaron ben Elijah. ] Encyclopædia Britannica . 13 January 2007] ndash; 1369 in Constantinople) is… …   Wikipedia

  • AARON BEN ELIJAH — (1328?–1369), Karaite scholar, philosopher, and jurist. Aaron, who lived in Nicomedia (near present day Izmir, in Turkish Asia Minor), was called Aaron the Younger to distinguish him from Aaron ben Joseph, or Aaron the Elder, who lived a century… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Aaron ben Elijah — ▪ Jewish theologian born 1328/30, Nicomedia, Ottoman Empire [modern İzmit, Turkey] died 1369       theologian of Constantinople (now Istanbul), the only scholar to seek a philosophical basis for Karaite beliefs. Karaism, a Jewish movement… …   Universalium

  • Aaron ben-Elijah — (?1328–69)    Karaite scholar. Aaron lived for a time in Nico media, in Asia Minor. His fame rests on his trilogy, consisting of Ez ha Chaim (‘Tree of Life’), dealing with the philosophy of religion; Gan Eden (‘Garden of Eden’), dealing with… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Aaron ben Elijah — (?1328 69)     Karaite philosopher and exegete. Born in Nicomedia in Asia Minor, he lived in Constantinople. He used Maimonides Guide for the Perplexed as a basis for his defence of Karaism in The Tree of Life (1346). He believed that the Mosaic… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Aaron ben Joseph of Constantinople — (c. 1260 – c. 1320) (not to be confused with his near contemporary, Aaron ben Eliyahu of Nicomedia), was an eminent teacher, philosopher, physician, and liturgical poet in ConstantinopleBackgroundAaron ben Joseph was born in Sulchat, Crimea. He… …   Wikipedia

  • ELIJAH BEN AARON BEN MOSES — (also referred to as Ibn Abd al Wālī or ha dayyan, the judge ), Karaite author in Jerusalem; according to A. Firkovich , he lived in the 15th century, and according to P.F. Fraenkel (see bibliography) in the 16th. He wrote the following works in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AARON BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN OF LUNEL — (end of 13th and first half of 14th century), Provençal scholar. Despite his name, he was probably not from Lunel but from Narbonne, where his forefathers lived. In his well known work Orḥot Ḥayyim he makes frequent mention of the customs of Nar… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AFENDOPOLO, CALEB BEN ELIJAH — (1464?–1525), Karaite scholar and poet. Born probably in Adrianople, he lived most of his life in the village of Kramariya near constantinople , and ultimately in belgrade where he died. A pupil of his brother in law, Elijah bashyazi , Afendopolo …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NAHUM, AARON SASSON BEN ELIJAH — (c. 1872–1962), educator and communal worker in iraq . From 1920 he was chairman of the Zionist Organization in Iraq; his Zionist work was done underground because of Iraqi persecution of the Zionist movement. In 1920 he helped found a Hebrew… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”