Anyanya

Die Anya-Nya, auch Anyanya geschrieben (Madi: Schlangengift), war eine südsudanesische Rebellengruppierung im Ersten Sudanesischen Bürgerkrieg.

Die Gruppierung bildete sich 1955 und ging vor allem aus dem Volksgruppen der Lotuko, Madi, Bari, Acholi und Azande in den südlichen Grenzregionen Südsudans hervor[1]. Die Anya-Nya wurde von Israel mit Ausbildung und Waffenlieferungen unterstützt, ihre Truppenstärke wurde auf 5000–10.000 geschätzt[2]. Sie bekämpfte die sudanesische Zentralregierung von 1955 bis zum Abschluss eines Friedensabkommens 1972. Dieses wurde 1983 wieder gebrochen, was zum Zweiten Sudanesischen Bürgerkrieg führte, in dem die Anya-Nya den Kern der Sudanesischen Volksbefreiungsarmee (SPLA) unter John Garang bildete.

Siehe auch

Quellen

  1. University of Colorado: Colonization, Arabization, Slavery, and War Against Indigenous Peoples of Southern Sudan
  2. Countrystudies.us: Sudan – The Southern Problem

Wikimedia Foundation.

Schlagen Sie auch in anderen Wörterbüchern nach:

  • Anyanya — The Anyanya were a southern Sudanese separatist rebel army formed during the First Sudanese Civil War (a civil war sometimes referred to as Anyanya I) which started in 1955. A separate movement that rose during the Second Sudanese Civil War, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Anyanya 1 — is the name of the South Sudan Rebel movement in 1955. In 1983 the new name of Southern Sudan rebellion is Sudan People s Liberation Movement/Army created by Dr. John Garang De Mabior. Anyanya 1 was under General Joseph Lagu.ee also* Anyanya …   Wikipedia

  • First Sudanese Civil War — The First Sudanese Civil War (also known as Anyanya rebellion or Anyanya I, after the name of the rebels) was a conflict from 1955 to 1972 between the northern part of Sudan and a south that demanded more regional autonomy. Half a million people… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Sudan (1969–1985) — Democratic Republic of Sudan جمهورية السودان الديمُقراطية Jumhūrīyat as Sūdān ad Dīmuqrāṭīyah ← …   Wikipedia

  • Daniel Koat Mathews — Major General in the Sudan People s Liberation Army. Former Governor of the Upper Nile Region Personal details Born January 1, 1937 (1937 01 01) (age 74) Kuanylualthoan (Nasir), Upper Nile, Sudan …   Wikipedia

  • Première Guerre civile soudanaise — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guerre civile soudanaise. La Première Guerre civile soudanaise (également connue sous le nom de Rébellion Anyanya ou Anyanya I, d après le nom des rebels) est une guerre civile qui s est déroulée de 1955 à 1972… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Early independent Uganda — Move to independenceUganda s approach to independence was unlike that of most other colonial territories where political parties had been organized to force self rule or independence from a reluctant colonial regime. In Uganda there had been some …   Wikipedia

  • Madi — The Mà dí people are found in the Torit district in Sudan, and the districts of Adjumani and Moyo in Uganda.The Ma’di in Sudan are found in Magwi Area Council. From south to north, the area runs from the Ugandan border to Nyolo River where the… …   Wikipedia

  • Abyei — is a town and district of South Kurdufan, Sudan, that is considered a historical bridge between northern and Southern Sudan. The Protocol on the resolution of Abyei conflict in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the Second… …   Wikipedia

  • Messiria tribe — Baggara belt The Messiria known also under the name of Misseriya Arabs are a branch of the Baggara Arabs tribes. Their language is the Sudanese Arabic. Numbering over one million, the Baggara are the second largest people group in Western Sudan,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”