Restoration Movement


Restoration Movement

Das Restoration Movement war eine amerikanische christliche Erweckungsbewegung des 19. Jahrhunderts.

Sie begann durch die schottischen Presbyterianer Thomas und Alexander Campbell.

Ziel des Restoration Movement war es, das Christentum wieder auf seine neutestamentlichen Grundlagen zurückzuführen, nicht nur bezüglich Theologie, sondern insbesondere auch bezüglich Einzelheiten des täglichen Lebens und der Gemeindepraxis. Auch die Glaubensbekenntnisse und andere Traditionen, die auch von den Denominationen der Reformation vertreten werden, lehnt das Restoration Movement ab. Wesentliche Punkte sind die Gläubigentaufe durch Untertauchen und die kongregationalistische Gemeindeorganisation.

Aus dem Restoration Movement entstanden die Disciples of Christ, von denen sich im Lauf der Zeit die verschiedenen Richtungen der Gemeinden Christi und die Internationale Gemeinden Christi als konservativere Gruppen abspalteten.

Heute gibt es unter den Kirchen aus dem Restoration Movement fundamentalistische, evangelikale und ökumenisch orientierte mainline Kirchen. Aufgrund der kongregationalistischen Struktur kann es innerhalb einer Kirche Gemeinden verschiedenster Richtungen geben.

Literatur

  • North, James B., 1994, Union in Truth: An Interpretive History of the Restoration Movement, Cincinnati, Ohio: The Standard Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7847-0197-0
  • Flavil R. Yeakley, The Discipling Dilemma: A Study of the Discipling Movement Among Churches of Christ, Nashville: Gospel Advocate Co., 1988
  • C. Leonard Allen und Richard T. Hughes, Discovering Our Roots: The Ancestry of Churches of Christ, (Abilene, TX: ACU Press, 1988)
  • West, Earl Irvin (2002). The Search for the Ancient Order Vol. 1. Gospel Light Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89225-154-9
  • Douglas A. Foster, Paul M. Blowers, Anthony L. Dunnavant, D. Newell Williams, The Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, ISBN 0-8028-3898-7
  • Douglas A. Foster, Jack Reese, Jeff W. Childers, The Crux of the Matter: Crisis, Tradition, and the Future of Churches of Christ, ACU Press, ISBN 0-89112-035-1

Weblinks


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